IOS-NEWSLETTER 
Forschung, Veranstaltungen, Publikationen

Inequalities and Redistribution in Central and Eastern Europe

12th Joint IOS/APB/EACES Summer Academy on Central and Eastern Europe 2020.
Dates: July 6–8, 2020
Location: Akademie für Politische Bildung Tutzing / Online ZOOM

Seminarreihe des Arbeitsbereichs Ökonomie am IOS

Zeit: Dienstag, 13.30–15.00 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109); vorerst online via Zoom, link wird mit den Einladungen verschickt!
Programm

Forschungslabor: „Geschichte und Sozialanthropologie Südost‐ und Osteuropas“

Zeit: Donnerstag, 14–16 Uhr (Lehrstuhl) oder 16–18 Uhr (Graduiertenschule und Leibniz-WissenschaftsCampus)
Ort: WiOS, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 017)
Programm

Freie Stellen Text
Gastwiss. Programm Text
Leibniz

Angesichts der aktuellen Krisenlage wegen COVID-19 (Coronavirus) sowie der amtlichen Empfehlung, soziale Interaktionen auf ein Minimum zu beschränken, ist das IOS bis auf Weiteres für den Publikumsverkehr geschlossen. Dies betrifft natürlich auch die Bibliothek. Alle vorerst bis einschließlich Juli 2020 geplanten Veranstaltungen sind abgesagt. In diesem Zeitraum kann das Institut auch keine Gastwissenschaftler*innen und Praktikant*innen aufnehmen. Bei Rückfragen wenden Sie sich bitte an info(at)ios-regensburg.de

Wir wünschen allen Bürger*innen und unseren Kolleg*innen alles Gute und vor allem Gesundheit.


In view of the current crisis situation due to COVID-19 (Coronavirus) and the recommendation by the authorities to keep social interactions to a minimum, the IOS is closed to the public until further notice. This also applies to the library, of course. All events planned for the period until the end of July 2020 have been cancelled. During this period, the Institute is also unable to accept guest researchers and interns. If you have any questions, please contact info(at)ios-regensburg.de

We wish all citizens and our colleagues all the best and especially good health.


8. Mai 2020
Ankündigung

Achte IOS-Jahrestagung wird auf 2021 verschoben

Die achte Jahrestagung des Leibniz-Instituts für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS) zum Thema „Infrastructure in East and Southeast Europe in Comparative Perspective: Past, Present and Future“ kann aufgrund der Krisenlage wegen COVID-19 (Coronavirus) in diesem Jahr nicht stattfinden und muss leider in den Juni 2021 verschoben werden.


17. April 2020
Wissenstransfer

ostBLOG Spezial – Corona in Ost- und Südosteuropa

Wie verändert die Corona-Krise Ost- und Südosteuropa? Die Frage beantwortet das IOS in den kommenden Tagen und Wochen in einem eigenen Blog.

Wie verändert die Corona-Krise Ost- und Südosteuropa? Die Frage beantwortet das IOS in den kommenden Tagen und Wochen in einem eigenen Blog. Die Beiträge auf „ostBLOG Spezial – Corona in Ost- und Südosteuropa“ beschreiben große und kleine gesellschaftliche Konsequenzen und politische Reaktionen auf die Krise ebenso wie ihre wirtschaftlichen Folgen. Oder sie blicken zurück auf vergleichbare Ereignisse, die sich in der Vergangenheit in der Region abgespielt haben. Die Artikel stammen von Wissenschaftler*innen des IOS, hinzu kommen Beiträge von Kolleg*innen aus dem umfassenden internationalen Netzwerk des Instituts.


27. Mai 2020
Publikationen

IOS Working Papers No. 388 ist erschienen

Information Disclosure in Elections with Sequential Costly Participation, Dmitriy Vorobyev, 35 S., IOS Working Papers 388, Mai 2020.

Electoral legislation varies across countries and within countries over time, and across different types of elections in terms of how it allows publication of intermediate election results including turnout and candidates’ vote shares during an election day. Using a pivotal costly voting model of elections in which voters have privately observed preferences between two candidates and act sequentially, I study how different rules for disclosing information about the actions of early voters affect the actions of later voters, and how they ultimately impact voter and candidate welfare. Comparing three rules observed in real life elections (no
disclosure, turnout disclosure and vote count disclosure), I find that vote count disclosure dominates the other two rules in terms of voter welfare. I further show that each of the rules can provide a candidate with either the greatest or the least chance to win, depending on the candidate’s ex-ante support.


27. Mai 2020
Publikationen

IOS Working Papers No. 387 ist erschienen

Market power, productivity and distribution of wages: theory and evidence with micro data, Oleksandr Shepotylo and Volodymyr Vakhitov, 40 S., IOS Working Papers 387, Mai 2020.

The declining labor share in national income and rising inequality over the last four decades raise questions about causes of these trends. In order to explain these trends, we develop a theoretical model that links intra-industry distribution of wages to variation in market power of firms. The model predicts that wages depend crucially on the demand side characteristics – they decline with market power if and only if demand elasticity is increasing with firm’s output. Trade liberalization leads to expansion of more productive firms, which also increases their bargaining power, resulting in lower share of wage bill in total revenue.
The model predictions are tested on a sample of Ukrainian manufacturing firms in 2001–2007. We document that an increase in firm’s size increases its bargaining power relative to workers. We measure firm level markups, and show that they increase with firm’s output and market size. We find that wage rises with firm’s productivity, but fall with its market power. The results are robust to various model specifications estimated at the firm and industry levels.


16. Juni 2020
Vorträge

Fading legacies: Human capital in the aftermath of the partitions of Poland (online via Zoom)

Ein Vortrag von Andreas Backhaus (Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung [BiB]) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 16. Juni 2020
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), online via Zoom, link wird mit den Einladungen verschickt!

This paper studies the longevity of historical legacies in the context of the formation of human capital. The Partitions of Poland (1772-1918) represent a natural experiment that instilled Poland with three different legacies of education, resulting in sharp differences in human capital among the Polish population. I construct a large, unique dataset that reflects the state of schooling and human capital in the partition territories from 1911 to 1961. Using a spatial regression discontinuity design, I find that primary school enrollment differs by as much as 80 percentage points between the partitions before WWI. However, this legacy disappears within the following two decades of Polish independence, as all former partitions achieve universal enrollment.  Differences  in  educational  infrastructure  and  gender  access  to  schooling simultaneously disappear after WWI. The level of literacy converges likewise across the former partitions, driven by a high intergenerational mobility in education. After WWII, the former partitions are not distinguishable from each other in terms of education anymore.


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